— The Garden of Earthly Delights (detail)
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- Turney, P.D. (1996), How to shift bias: Lessons from the Baldwin effect, Evolutionary Computation, 4 (3), 271-295.
- Turney, P.D., Whitley, D., and Anderson, R.W. (1996), Evolution, learning, and instinct: 100 years of the Baldwin effect, Evolutionary Computation, 4 (3), iv-viii.
- Turney, P.D. (1996), Myths and legends of the Baldwin effect, 13th International Conference on Machine Learning (ICML96), Workshop on Evolutionary Computation and Machine Learning, Bari, Italy, July, pp. 135-142.